LCA Resources

On this page you can find resources and organisations which promote the accessibility and use of Life Cycle Assessments.

Further Reading

ILCD Handbook: Life Cycle Assessment Guidance developed by the Institute for Environment and Sustainability in the European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC), in co-operation with the Environment DG, provides detailed guidance for LCA practitioners.

Life Cycle Thinking and Assessment in Policy and Business developed by the European Platform for Life Cycle Assessment to support businesses and policy makers to make sustainable production and consumption a reality.

The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment is devoted entirely to LCA related original research papers.

The Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Japan is produced by The Institute of Life Cycle Assessment, Japan to publish original research

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Impact Assessment Methods

CML-IA is a database containing characterisation factors for life cycle impact assessment, intended to support the Chain Management Life Cycle Assessment (CMLCA) software and widely used for LCIA.

Ecoindicator 99 is a damage-oriented LCA method that focuses on three end-point categories: damage to human health; damage to ecosystem quality; and damage to resources.

IMPACT is a specification and database for software developers to integrate Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Life Cycle Costing (LCC), and Building Information Modelling (BIM).

Traci (US) is a Tool for Reduction and Assessment of Chemical and other environmental Impacts.

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Life Cycle Inventory Data

AusLCI The Australian National Life Cycle Inventory Database is a major initiative being delivered by the Australian Life Cycle Assessment Society (ALCAS).

LCA Food Database provides a Life Cycle Assessment data on basic consumer and food products produced and consumed in Denmark. The site has not been updated since 2009 but still has data.

Ecoinvent Centre is the Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories

U.S. Life-Cycle Inventory Database provides accounting of the energy and material flows into and out of the environment that are associated with producing a material, component, or assembly

European LCA database is part of the EU’s LCA knowledge base providing high quality Life Cycle Inventory core data sets.

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LCA Software Tools

SimaPro Software developed by PRé and widely used by academia and industry.

GaBi Software developed by thinkstep to support businesses to undertake LCA with extensive LCI databases.

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Standards and Other Resources

The International Organization for Standards (ISO) provides international standards for business, government and society

The International EPD System is a global programme for environmental product declarations and provides Product Category Rules.

The Institute for Environmental Research and Education (IERE) provides Product Category Rules.

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International Networks

The Life Cycle Initiative is an international partnership for a sustainable world, supported by UNEP and SETAC.

The International Life Cycle Academy is a world-wide collaborative effort to provide high-quality training opportunities in life cycle based quantitative sustainability assessment.

The European Platform for Life Cycle Assessment (EPLCA) provides the EU’s knowledge base to respond to business and policy needs for social and environmental LCA.

The International Society for Industrial Ecology (ISIE) promotes industrial ecology as a way of finding innovative solutions to complicated environmental problems.

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) promotes sustainable resource management using a life cycle perspective.

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